by Miranda Boutelle, Contributing Columnist
On National Good Neighbor Day, which is Sept. 28, or any day this month, join in the cooperative spirit and help your neighbors, friends and family save at home with these do-it-yourself, energy-saving tips.
Tips range in physicality and cost, providing options based on your ability.
CHANGE LIGHT BULBS
Prioritize changing lights that are used the most, such as incandescent porch lights left on all night. LEDs use about 75% less energy and last up to 25 times longer than incandescent bulbs. Some neighbors can’t climb step stools or ladders, so help them out if you are able. Be sure to check for overhead power lines when using ladders outside.
SWAP THE FILTER
Furnace filters should be checked regularly and replaced when they are dirty. Simply writing down the dimensions of the furnace filter can help your neighbor, who can pick up a pack of new ones at a store or online.
If you find a really dirty furnace filter, don’t remove it until you have a replacement. Operating your system without a filter allows dirt and dust in the system to go directly to the heating and cooling components.
OPEN THE DAMPERS
Register dampers allow heated and cooled air to circulate properly throughout the home. If you have a central air heating or cooling system, dampers should be left open. The idea that closing registers saves energy is a common misconception. If furniture is on top of dampers, move it to a new permanent spot so it does not block air flow.
ADJUST THE WATER HEATER
Check the water heater and set it to 120 degrees. Use a kitchen thermometer to test the water temperature. At the faucet nearest the water heater, turn only the hot water on and wait until it gets hot. Let the hot water run into a glass and place a kitchen thermometer in it. Wait until it registers the highest temperature. If the water heater is set too high, you can save energy by lowering the setting.
KEEP OUTDOOR UNITS CLEAR
Clean brush and debris from around the air conditioner or heat pump. If leaves or brush pile up around the outdoor unit of a heat pump or air-conditioning system, they can reduce the airflow, making the system work harder than it should. This uses more energy and can reduce the life of the unit.
REMOVE THE WINDOW A/C
By removing the unit before winter, the window can close properly. This prevents heat from escaping and wasting energy. It also keeps the room more comfortable. Window units are heavy and awkward. This project is best done with a buddy. Get that person to commit to helping put the unit back next spring.
SHARE ENERGY-SAVING PROGRAMS
Information is a great way to help, and it’s free. Look into programs your co-op offers and share that information with your neighbor. Check the U.S. Department of Energy for federal tax credits offered for upgrades.
Miranda Boutelle writes on energy-efficiency topics for the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association.