|Again in the year 2003, we’re making our way around the
region, each issue visiting a small town and meeting some of the folks who
make up the heart of electric co-op country. On this year’s second stop,
we’ll be ...
Down Home in Bedford
Rebecca Jackson, Contributing Writer
in PDF Format
“Down Home In Bedford"
Virginia’s fastest-growing communities, picturesque Bedford is home to
the national D-Day monument.
Bedford, Virginia, is a rich mother-lode for history
buffs, with its restored late-19th-century downtown historic district,
antique shops welcoming customers on nearly every corner, and abundance of
antebellum and Victorian-era residences, all of which have a story to
At the same
time, the city of Bedford and Bedford County, which surrounds it, are
witnessing explosive residential, business and industrial growth. The
county, according to demographers, is developing at a pace almost rivaling
that of Virginia’s urban crescent.
majestic Peaks of Otter provide the back-drop for wide expanses of
farmland in Bedford County.
Yet with its
low crime rate, comparatively reasonable real estate taxes, and
hospitable, friendly people, Bedford’s a place that is easy to call
home, whether you’re a descendant of some of the area’s 18th-century
settlers, or a newcomer from another region of the country.
A decade ago, Bedford was listed in a publication
called “America’s 100 Best Small Towns,” praised as an ideal place
to put down roots, raise a family, or start a business.
Located between the metropolitan areas of Roanoke and
Lynchburg in the western Piedmont of central Virginia, Bedford is home to
the National D-Day Memorial. Bedford was selected for this honor, and the
majestic monument constructed to commemorate it, because the region lost
19 soldiers the first day of the D-Day assault in World War II. This was
the highest per-capita loss of life for a community its size during the
June 6, 1944, invasion of the coast of Normandy, France.
On June 6, 2001, President George W. Bush and 20,000
others, including local and foreign dignitaries, gathered atop the City of
Bedford’s highest pinnacle to dedicate the $25 million memorial. The
memorial site covers 88 acres.
gathered on June 6, 2001, for the dedication of the National D-Day
Patriotism and national pride abound in Bedford.
Overlord Arch greets each visitor as an impressive,
44-foot structure with a polished, green granite façade that bears the
word “Overlord,” the code name of the Normandy landing. Below the
arch, a featured piece of statuary called Final Tribute stands as an
acknowledgement of the sacrifices made during the assault.
Victory Plaza, surrounding the massive arch, includes
five points of inlaid granite representing the five Normandy beaches.
Flags of the 12 Allied nations supplying forces or materials during the
invasion stand at the perimeter of the plaza.
residents pitch in to bag potatoes for the needy.
Water cascades down a 16-foot granite wall,
representing the wartime architecture of German bunkers, to what is surely
the most moving part of the memorial. It is here, amid water jets zipping
like machine-gun fire from a pool at the base of the wall, that statuary
has been placed depicting the struggles and deaths of soldiers on the
A peaceful and reverent site, the memorial offers
panoramic views of the city below, as well as the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Future plans for the memorial include construction of
a 49,000-square-foot educational center that will showcase a theater,
lecture hall, galleries, compelling exhibits, programs and projects
designed to preserve and interpret the history and lessons of D-Day.
First Called Liberty
First called Liberty when it was founded in 1782,
tradition says the city took its name for one of two reasons, namely,
because of Patrick Henry’s great speech on “liberty” or because of
the newly gained freedom the colonies had so recently won from England.
The county, and later, the city, adopted the current name from John
Russell, Duke of Bedford (Bedfordshire, England).
Today, through a new organization called the Bedford
International Alliance, and because of its ties to European communities
developed during and after World War II, Bedford has forged twinning
relationships with several villages hugging the beaches of Normandy,
France, and Bedford, England.
Most of the buildings along both sides of Bridge
Street in the city were at one time constructed of wood, so that when a
fire was discovered early on the morning of Oct. 12, 1884, very little
could be done to save the heart of downtown. There was no organized fire
department and a meager water supply, so soon the core of the city
succumbed to a huge blaze. The fire, however, proved a blessing in
disguise, for when the owners rebuilt, the business establishments were
made larger and of more permanent material such a brick.
officials open the annual Elderfest, an event for active senior
citizens in the community.
Those buildings, occupied by book shops, antique,
hardware and furniture stores, quaint eateries and other businesses, stand
today, refurbished to their late 19th-century splendor thanks to
Bedford’s designation as a Virginia Main Street city in 1985.
Bedford Main Street, Inc., a tax-exempt organization
empowered as a public-private partnership to help Centertown Bedford
promote a positive image, revitalize the economic base and preserve local
character, organizes or co-sponsors a variety of public celebrations and
events each year. These include street festivals such as Centerfest (held
the last Saturday in September and attracting as many as 10,000 spectators
to downtown for the event); the Christmas parade; retail sales; public
concerts, most recently “blues and barbecue” and July 4 jazz concerts,
with part of the proceeds benefiting the National D-Day Memorial; and
Memorial Day ceremonies.
Bedford Main Street manages and schedules events
at the Bedford Farmers’ Market, where local growers market their produce
from spring until the end of the year. The organization also manages
events at the community stage.
On the historical stage, third president Thomas
Jefferson and Confederate General Robert E. Lee played prominent roles in
19th-century Bedford. Jefferson’s Bedford County retreat, the octagonal
Poplar Forest estate, completed in the first decade of the 19th century,
is a popular tourist destination near Lynchburg. Avenel, built in the
1830s and once the centerpiece of a thriving southern plantation, was
visited frequently by Lee, a close friend of the home’s original owner.
Avenel, also reputedly the haunt of a lady ghost attired in
mid-19th-century garb, also is open to tourists. Both Poplar Forest and
Avenel are favorite sites for community club meetings, special dinners,
weddings and receptions.
Cedars, one of many restored homes in Bedford County.
Bedford’s reputed location as the site of the
legendary Beale treasure has lured fortune seekers for generations, each
claiming to have deciphered a secret code pinpointing the hiding place of
Bedford has witnessed many improvements and positive
developments during the last decade, all aimed at quality of life and
services for its residents and entrepreneurs. Among them were construction
of a new Bedford central library and several branch libraries in the
county, a new Bedford Elementary School, renovation of the old Bedford
Elementary School for use as a middle school, Liberty Lake Park, which
includes ball fields, a lake stocked with trout and other game fish, a
community center, picnic shelters and hiking trails, one of them specially
designed for disabled visitors. The community also boasts a new visitor
and tourism center, jointly owned by the city and county, near the site of
the National D-Day Memorial, an expanded central YMCA with a branch in
Moneta on the south side of Bedford County near Smith Mountain Lake, and
another YMCA facility planned in Huddleston, also near the lake.
Health-care needs are addressed by Bedford Memorial
Hospital and several emergency medical crews throughout the county. The
hospital is a modern, full-service, 166-bed facility, employing more than
380 full- and part-time employees. It has grown into one of the largest
employers in the community, contributing more than $7 million annually to
the local economy. The hospital has come a long way since its early
beginnings in 1955. Its newest addition, dedicated in October 2000,
encompasses 32,000 square feet, has spacious quarters for modern imaging
and mammography suites, an outpatient physical-therapy unit, pre-surgery
and outpatient testing areas, and a comprehensive laboratory. Thirty-three
physicians currently staff the hospital.
students work hard to beautify their school.
Bedford’s booming public education system includes
21 schools, including three high schools and three middle schools. An
award-winning Bedford Science and Technology Center also offers local
secondary students two-year vocational certification programs in auto
technology, electricity, drafting and design, carpentry and a host of
The lovely 1895 Masonic Building housing the Bedford
City and County Museum was restored to its former glory during the past
The museum’s new, three-story addition includes an
elevator, restrooms for disabled persons and fire exits. With the recent
opening of the third floor for exhibit space, the museum now has more room
to display many objects that are rarely seen. There are a new Native
American exhibit and a refurbished Civil War exhibit. A Black History room
The museum hosts about 7,000 visitors a year with
about 1,500 of them Bedford County school students. About 1,100 visitors
make use of the museum’s extensive genealogy library each year and many
more write the Bedford Genealogical Society with inquiries.
Blessed with Natural Beauty
County is the most rapidly developing locale outside of Virginia's
Bedford is blessed with natural beauty, situated in a
picturesque valley at the foot of the Blue Ridge Mountains. It is bordered
on the north by the majestic Peaks of Otter, part of the Blue Ridge
Parkway system and offering a lodge open year-round, fishing, hiking,
camping, and bus-shuttle service to the summit of Sharp Top Mountain, one
of the twin peaks on the community’s northernmost horizon. To the south
lies the 500 miles of shoreline of Smith Mountain Lake, its azure waters
and upscale, lakefront developments attracting some 21,000 visitors
annually. The lake, created in the mid-to-late 1960s as a hydroelectric
impoundment, also is one of the most noted retirement Meccas in the
eastern United States.
and Lisa Butler represent Bedford's Little Town Players. The group
garnered a U.S. Presidential Volunteer Action Award.
For the enjoyment of residents and visitors alike,
Virginia created a state park on the Huddleston waterfront of Smith
Mountain Lake. The park covers nearly 1,500 acres, including 16 miles of
waterfront. In addition to a full range of water activities, the park
offers miles of hiking trails, places to fish, a public boat-launching
area, camping and picnic spots, a white sandy beach, concessions, a
visitor’s center and waterfront cabins available year-round.
Memories of a
by Audrey T.
Hingley, Contributing Writer
For Bedford native Boyd Wilson, 81, memories remain
vivid: “They [the dying] were falling all around
you … you were scared, and any man that said he wasn’t was a liar.”
On June 6, 1944, some 30 Bedford soldiers
participated in the D-Day Invasion with over 154,000 others from a dozen
Allied nations. Bedford lost 19 sons that day (with two more dying later
in the Normandy campaign, as did two others assigned to other companies),
earning the town of 3,200 (in 1944) the sad distinction of suffering the
highest per-capita D-Day losses in the nation.
Today Wilson is one of only six Bedford D-Day
veterans still alive. The community’s loss was his loss, too, because
“I knew every one of them.”
Given its losses, Bedford was a logical choice for
The National D-Day Memorial, dedicated June 6, 2001. The nine-acre
memorial captures the D-Day experience, with three plazas commemorating
specific stages in the invasion that reversed the course of World War II.
A watery landing scene, complete with simulated enemy fire, landing craft,
and bronze soldiers struggling toward shore, is particularly haunting.
memories of D-Day remain vivid for Bedford native Boyd Wilson.
Bedford lost 19 sons that day, and Wilson knew every one of them.
Boyd Wilson can be found most days at the memorial, a
thin man, cap in hand, hovering almost ghost-like as he pauses to talk to
many of the over 400,000 visitors who have come since the memorial opened.
The old soldier is a haunting reminder of the terrible sacrifices made to
establish an Allied foothold in Normandy, France, that could push out
across occupied Europe and bring the war with Germany to an end.
“I think I owe that much respect to those boys,”
he says of why he comes. “I think people should know what happened, and
I think it helps them to talk to someone who was there. Tourists walk up,
shake my hand, and tell me they appreciate what I did.
“They ask, ‘How did you survive?’ I say, the
Man up there looked out for me. No other reason. I called on Him, and I
called on Him a lot,” he adds.
Bedford provided a company of soldiers (Company A) to
the 29th Infantry Division when the National Guard’s 116th Infantry
Regiment was activated. Wilson, who’d enlisted in 1938, had already
landed in northern Africa and Sicily before coming ashore on Omaha Beach.
A squad leader, only half of his dozen-member squad made it out alive.
"The landing craft took us all the way to the
beach. Everywhere you turned, there would be rifle fire coming at you. We
lost 162 men in the first five minutes of that battle. I was thinking
‘Kill me and get it over with’ but at the same time I was moving
forward,” Wilson recalls. “There was a beach house 500 yards off
shore, and my goal was to get there; when I got to the house, it almost
surprised me I was still alive.”
Wilson, who also served in Korea, spent 21 years in
the National Guard. He went on to work 18 years as a traffic manager for
Del Monte Foods before retiring at age 65.
He has no regrets about D-Day: “If you could’ve
seen the [Nazi death] camp in Dachau, Germany … I walked in there, the
bodies were just stacked up, it was so terrible people couldn’t believe
it. D-Day was a turning point.”
As for the memorial, Wilson says, “It’s worth the
The National D-Day Memorial is open daily 10 a.m.-5
p.m. Call 1-800-351-DDAY or visit www.dday.org.
Purpose: To memorialize the valor, fidelity and
sacrifices of the Allied forces on D-Day, June 6, 1944.
Memorial Hours: Open 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily. Closed
on Christmas Day, New Year’s Day and Thanksgiving Day. Openings before
or after normal operating hours by special arrangement.
Foundation office hours: Open Monday through Friday,
9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Closed on Christmas Day, New Year’s Day and
For more information, call 540-586-DDAY.
Nestled between two of the three mountains that make
up the Peaks of Otter in Bedford County is the Peaks of Otter Lodge and
Restaurant, located at Milepost 86 on the Blue Ridge Parkway and open all
year. The lodge is the flagship of a chain of visitor concessions strung
along the Virginia portion of the Parkway. All are owned and operated by
the Virginia Peaks of Otter Company under contract with the National Park
In addition to the lodge, other visitor locations
include: The Camp Store and Bus Station, located near the Peaks of Otter
Lodge; a service station, also located at the Peaks of Otter Lodge; The
Otter Creek Restaurant, located at Milepost 60.8, about 27 miles from the
lodge and restaurant.
The Peaks of Otter also has scenic shaded picnic
grounds, campgrounds, cabins and hiking trails, including one that offers
a vigorous hike to the top of Sharp Top Mountain.
Call 540-586-1081 or 800-542-5927 for more
Jefferson's Poplar Forest
Poplar Forest, Bedford County home of third U.S.
President Thomas Jefferson, offers 40-minute guided tours of Jefferson’s
octagonal house from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. daily, from April through November,
except Thanksgiving Day.
Tour topics include Jefferson’s design and
construction of his retreat, located off U.S. 221 in Forest (Bedford
County), his landscape design, the plantation community, the rescue of the
property and its restoration.
Tours also include the hands-on history pavilion,
which is available daily Memorial Day weekend through Labor Day weekend,
11 a.m. to 2 p.m. The pavilion features activities from Jefferson’s era,
including brick making, building a bucket, and writing with a quill pen.
There is also a toddler’s corner with puzzles and coloring pages. Adults
must accompany children to the hands-on area.
Self-guided grounds tours are also available.
Visitors can walk the grounds with brochures describing the site and the
enslaved workers. They also can view the exhibits at the restoration
workshop, archaeology laboratory, slave-quarter site, and in the lower
level of the house. Also available in the lower level of the house is a
15-minute film on the restoration work and archaeological excavations.
For ticket prices and additional information, call
Beautiful, 23,000-acre Smith Mountain Lake, with
approximately 500 miles of shoreline, lies along the southern border of
Bedford County. The lake offers water sports, outdoor recreation, and a
variety of other leisure activities. You can call the Welcome Center at
540-721-1203 or 800-676-8203.
Smith Mountain Lake State Park, on Va. 626, covers
1,506 acres with 16 miles of shoreline, a public beach, fishing, boating,
swimming, hiking trails, picnicking, camping, a public boat ramp,
furnished cabins (off-water as well as lakefront) and interpretive
programs. Call 540-297-6066 for more information.